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Across the frontier and around the fringe: Baptist growth in America and in Australia

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thesis
posted on 28.03.2022, 11:06 authored by Michael John Petras
This thesis examines why Baptists in America from their origin in 1639 to the post-Civil War period have prospered to the extent they have while in Australia since Baptist beginnings in the early 1830s they have remained relatively small. Baptists in America during this period were affected by the two Great Awakenings, the Revolutionary War, westward migration known as the frontier movement, the Civil War and the emergence of African American churches containing ‘freedmen’ or emancipated slaves. The story of Baptists in Australia has proved to be much less spectacular. In many ways it was a constant struggle with limited resources and faced with a much smaller, more sparsely-settled population. In assessing all reasons for what assisted or militated against growth and expansion this study examines a wide range of factors: population size, migration to these countries, the denominational affiliation of the population, characteristics of Baptist preachers in both countries, notably those deeply moved by the First Great Awakening. It also looks at significant individuals and the development of church organization. It takes into account the cultural differences between the two countries such as individualism and collectivism in Baptist activity and the Australian reliance upon English assistance and the retention of English practices and traditions. The thesis looks at these reasons for growth and expansion with reference to the Baptist ministry, the constitution, location and expansion of new churches, the importance of evangelism and revivalism and the methods employed and finally, the issue of Baptist church governance or Baptist polity relating to church organisation and united church action. Connected to this have been issues relating to the conditions of church membership.

History

Table of Contents

Introduction to thesis -- Chapter 1. The growth of Baptists in America -- Chapter 2. The growth of Baptists in Australia -- Chapter 3. The Baptist ministry -- Chapter 4. The churches -- Chapter 5. Evangelism and revivalism -- Chapter 6. Baptist church governance -- Conclusion to thesis -- Appendices -- Bibliography.

Notes

Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 313-326

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis PhD

Degree

PhD, Macquarie University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Ancient History

Department, Centre or School

Department of Ancient History

Year of Award

2017

Principal Supervisor

Stuart Piggin

Rights

Copyright Michael John Petras 2016. Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright

Language

English

Jurisdiction

United States Australia

Extent

1 online resource (326 pages)

Former Identifiers

mq:70282 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1262068