Macquarie University
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An investigation into "region of origin" effect and consumer "regioncentrism" tendency in hybrid product quality evaluation and choice

posted on 2022-03-28, 10:11 authored by Boon Jang Lee
The purpose of this study was to investigate consumer utilisation of extrinsic cue and intrinsic cues, on hybrid products from a sub-national level, particularly focused on the region of origin cue on consumers' product quality evaluation and product choice. The second purpose was to measure the extent of consumer regioncentric tendencies within the different regions in China. The third purpose was to examine consumer's ethnocentrism in relation to their product quality evaluation and product choice. -- Conjoint Analysis and Analysis of Variance methods were used to test the importance and the interaction effect of the extrinsic and intrinsic cues. Consumer Ethnocentric Tendency Scale (CETSCALE), adapted from Shimp and Sharma (1987), was used to measure consumer regioncentric tendencies. The Reliability Analysis and Principal Component Analysis were used to test the psychometric properties of the CETSCALE, and confirmatory factor analysis was used to verify the results from the psychometric property test. Finally, results from Utilities Estimate from the Conjoint Analysis were used to identify the relationships between consumer regioncentric tendencies, consumer product quality evaluation and product choice. Interviews and small-scale mall interceptions were performed at the pilot-study stage, prior to the main survey. Mall interception surveys using hybrid products, television (durables) and tea (non-durables), orthogonally designed full-scale conjoint cards and a 7-point Likert Scale questionnaires were conducted in Dalian, Suzhou and Guangzhou, China. -- It was found that the region of origin cue was one of the major attributes in consumer's product quality evaluation and product choice. Amongst the extrinsic cues, region of origin cues were rated second in level of importance, while brand name was the most important. Respondents from Suzhou portrayed the highest regioncentric tendencies, while those from Dalian and Guangzhou showed weaker regioncentric tendencies. Respondents with higher regioncentric tendencies would rate product from their own region of residence more favourably in term of product quality evaluation and product choice. -- Based on the findings, it is recommended that more effort should be given to the study of consumer buying behaviour from the sub-national regional perspective. Furthermore, foreign and domestic companies or marketers should develop a marketing strategy that uses the positive effect of a region of origin cue and consider the effect of regioncentrism in their product packaging, advertising message and promotional activities. Firms should take a market factor approach, where the region of origin may be one of the factors in deciding the location of the manufacturing bases.


Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Contextual issue and definition of region -- 3. Literature review -- 4. Conceptual framework -- 5. Methodology -- 6. The pilot study and the main research -- 7. Analysis -- 8. Summary, implications and directions.


Bibliography: p. 297-326 This thesis is presented for the degree of Doctorate of Business Administration (DBA), Macquarie University, Macquarie Graduate School of Management (MGSM), 2012.

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis professional doctorate


Thesis (DBA), Macquarie University, Macquarie Graduate School of Management (MGSM), Dept. of Business and Economics

Department, Centre or School

Macquarie Graduate School of Management

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Yiming Tang


Copyright disclaimer: Copyright Lee Boon Jang 2012.




1 online resource (326, 180 p.) col. ill., maps (some col.)

Former Identifiers

mq:26309 1881284