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Analysing the relationship between income inequality and health in China
thesisposted on 2022-03-28, 16:15 authored by Han Cheng
This study tests the association between income inequality and individual's health, anassociation known as the Income Inequality Hypothesis (IIH) for China using theCHNS dataset. We adopt a dynamic approach to account for lagged effects of inequalityon health outcomes using objective measures of health: nurse-collected health measuresand blood-based biomarkers. Using a balanced panel data across 24 years from Chinawe employ pooled OLS and fixed effects regression models controlling for individuallevel variables, county/city fixed effects, and year dummies. We find current inequalitylevel not to be associated with health outcomes as reported in a recent empirical studyby Bakkeli (2016). However considering a dynamic framework, we find laggedinequality level to have a statistical significantly associate with certain health outcomesafter accounting for a host of demographic factors. Our analysis identifies theassociation between lagged inequality and health outcomes and the need for policymakers to account for the dynamic association between inequality and health outcomes.