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Associations between temperature and crime in New South Wales, Australia

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posted on 28.03.2022, 21:40 authored by Heather R. Stevens
This study investigates the relationship between temperature and crime in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Time series and logistic models were applied to an 11-year dataset of incidents of assault, theft, and fraud, as well as spatial mapping and modelling of assault. Results suggested that assault and theft counts were significantly higher in summer than winter (18 and 6%, respectively), while fraud counts were not significantly different. Using maximum monthly temperature, results indicated that for every 10°C increase in temperature, average monthly assaults increased by 22%, and thefts by 3.5%, while again, the relationship for fraud was not significant. Modelling daily average counts revealed similar results. The study also found that for every 10ºC increase in temperature, a violent crime was 14 to 16 times more likely than a nonviolent. Spatially, 96% of Local Government Areas (LGAs) in NSW had a higher summer assault rate than winter, and LGAs experienced significantly differing responses. The findings of this study provide an empirical foundation for understanding crime-temperature relationships, which may support better predictions of criminal behaviour and allocation of police and health resources. Establishment of such relationships may also be useful for understanding how crime may change in a warming climate.

History

Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Literature review -- 3.Journal manuscript -- 4. Synthesis and conclusion -- Appendices.

Notes

Includes bibliographical references Thesis by publication.

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes

Degree

MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Environmental Sciences

Department, Centre or School

Department of Environmental Sciences

Year of Award

2018

Principal Supervisor

Paul Beggs

Rights

Copyright Heather R. Stevens 2018 Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright

Language

English

Extent

1 online resource (72 pages : illustrations, maps)

Former Identifiers

mq:71088 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1270738