Macquarie University
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Biopsychosocial risk factors in office workers with non-specific neck pain: a cross-sectional analysis

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posted on 2022-03-28, 15:35 authored by Martin Frutiger
Background: Non-specific neck pain (NSNP) is a highly prevalent and burdensome musculoskeletal disorder. Several biopsychosocial risk factors for NSNP exist in the literature. However, the use of standardised, research-validated self-reporting instruments for measuring the multidimensional nature of risk factors in NSNP is lacking in the literature.Objectives:Describe a population of office workers with NSNP with respect to biopsychosocial risk factors; and, find the prevalence of NSNP in an office worker population.Methods:119 office workers were studied. Data were collected using an online questionnaire comprising six standardised self-reporting instruments to measure biopsychosocial risk factors.Results: The prevalence of self-reported NSNP in the study population was 73.10%. NSNP was associated with manner of self-reported NSNP, gender, employment, education, workplace, marital status and sickness absence by some of the self-reporting instruments. Preliminary evidence suggests psychosocial parameters have significant effects on self-reported NSNP. The instruments were also highly correlated to one another.Conclusions:Several biospychosocial risk factors for NSNP in office workers exist. Future studies should examine the correlations between each of the six instrument items to one another and by self-reported NSNP to ascertain the effect of specific risk factors in NSNP and disability.


Table of Contents

Chapter one: Introduction --Chapter two: literature review -- Chapter three: methodology -- Chapter four: Result -- Chapter five: discussion -- Chapter six: Conclusion


Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 54-61

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes


MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Chiropractic

Department, Centre or School

Department of Chiropractic

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Peter Jeffrey Tuchin


Copyright Martin Frutiger 2017. Copyright disclaimer:




1 online resource (72 pages)

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