Macquarie University
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Building a Dataset and Exploring Low-Resource Approaches to Natural Language Inference with Myanmar

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posted on 2024-02-13, 22:43 authored by Aung Kyaw HtetAung Kyaw Htet

Despite dramatic recent progress in NLP, it is still a major challenge to apply Large Language Models (LLM) to low-resource languages. This is most visible in benchmarks such as Cross-Lingual Natural Language Inference (XNLI), a key task that demonstrates cross-lingual capabilities of NLP systems across a set of 15 languages.

In this thesis, we extend XNLI task for one additional low-resource language, Myanmar, as a proxy challenge for broader low-resource languages, and make three core contributions. First, we build a dataset called Myanmar XNLI (myXNLI) using community crowd-sourced methods, as an extension to the existing XNLI corpus. This involves a two-stage process of community-based construction followed by expert verification; through an analysis, we demonstrate and quantify the value of the expert verification stage in the context of community-based construction for low-resource languages. We make the myXNLI dataset available to the community for future research. Second, we carry out evaluations of recent multilingual language models on the myXNLI benchmark, as well as explore data-augmentation methods to improve model performance. Our data-augmentation methods improve model accuracy by up to 2 percentage points for Myanmar, while uplifting other languages at the same time. Third, we investigate how well these data-augmentation methods generalise to other low-resource languages in the XNLI dataset.


Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Background -- 3. The Myanmar XNLI Dataset -- 4. Improving NLI Task for Myanmar -- 5. Conclusion -- References

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes


Master of Research

Department, Centre or School

School of Computing

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Mark Dras

Additional Supervisor 1

Diego Molla-Aliod


Copyright: The Author Copyright disclaimer:




104 pages

Former Identifiers

AMIS ID: 282558

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