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Cash, control and commitment: evidence on female empowerment from the National Cash Transfer Program in Pakistan

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posted on 2022-03-28, 22:10 authored by Asma Kashif
We use a difference-in-differences approach to estimate the impacts of Pakistan’s National Cash Transfer Program (BISP) on empowerment of its recipient women using nationally representative program evaluation panel data on treatment and control households. As empowerment is a latent variable, it is operationalized using agency and its three domains, including access and control over resources, decision-making and mobility. We find that the recipient women in beneficiary households are making more sole and joint decisions and are more economically active in comparison to women who do not receive BISP, though we were unable to find significant impacts of the program on women’s mobility. On the whole, only modest changes in women’s access and control over resources, participation in decision-making and mobility among beneficiaries were estimated.


Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Literature review -- 3. Benazir income support program : an intervention for poverty alleviation and female empowerment -- 4. Methodology -- 5. Results and discussion -- 6. Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Appendix.


Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 80-84

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes


MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics

Department, Centre or School

Department of Economics

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Pundarik Mukhopadhaya

Additional Supervisor 1

Chris Heaton


Copyright Asma Kashif 2016. Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright






1 online resource (v, 84, ix pages) tables

Former Identifiers

mq:69490 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1254948