Detecting primary user emulation attacks in cognitive radio networks
thesisposted on 2022-03-28, 14:02 authored by Fan Jin
Cognitive radio (CR) is a promising technology for future wireless networks in order to effciently utilize the limited spectrum resources and satisfy the rapidly increasing demand for wireless applications and services. However, CR wireless networks are susceptible to various security attacks. In this thesis, we identify security threats to spectrum sensing, which is referred to as primary user emulation (PUE) attacks. In this attack, an adversary's CR transmits signals whose characteristics emulate those of incumbent signals. The highly flexible,software-based air interface of CRs makes such an attack possible. This thesis first covers an introduction of cognitive radio, dynamic spectrum access and spectrum sensing, as well as the potential security threats and their impacts to cognitive radio networks. Then we focus on primary user emulation (PUE) attacks and investigate existing techniques for detecting this threat such as energy detection, localization, cyclostationary feature calculation and artificial neural network. To counter the PUE attack, an improved energy detection method with multiple thresholds is proposed. Then we propose two new schemes that combine the improved energy detection method with TODA localization and cyclostationary feature detection respectively to identify PUE attackers in different scenarios in cognitive radio networks.