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Development of a label-free electrochemical DNA biosensor for the model analyte of breast cancer related sequences

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posted on 28.03.2022, 19:27 by Benjamin Richard Pendleton
In this work, a label-free electrochemical DNA biosensor capable of detecting a single-mismatch in a breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) related sequence was developed. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the BRCA1 tumour suppressing gene have been reported to cause breast cancer, a genetic-based disease that is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. The label-free biosensor platform consisted of graphene, a phenyl linker and gold nanoparticles, immobilised on a glassy carbon electrode. To this anchoring layer, a 19 mer, thiol-labelled DNA probe was covalently attached, followed by hybridisation with its complementary target, a BRCA1 related DNA sequence, and finally zirconium was incorporated into the DNA duplex for electrochemical signal amplification. In this work, a two-level factorial design was used for optimisation of the significant factors and their interactions in biosensor performance. The change in oxidation current of ferrocenecarboxylic acid following hybridisation was used to voltammetrically study the analytical performance of the biosensor. Using square wave voltammetry, a linear dynamic range between 15.5 and 100 nM of the DNA target, with a detection limit of 4.6 nM and reproducibility of 4% was achieved.

History

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction -- Chapter 2: Experimental -- Chapter 3: Results and Discussion -- Chapter 4: Conclusion -- Chapter 5: References -- Chapter 6: Supplementary Material

Notes

Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 50-52

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes

Degree

MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science andEngneering , Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Sciences

Department, Centre or School

Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Sciences

Year of Award

2014

Principal Supervisor

Danny K. Y. Wong

Rights

Copyright Benjamin Richard Pendleton 2014 Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright

Language

English

Extent

1 online resource (v, 55 pages) illustrations

Former Identifiers

mq:71944 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1279774