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Different - yet equal: the historical development of disability discrimination legislation in the US, the UK, Canada and Australia

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posted on 28.03.2022, 11:01 by James Justice Bond
This thesis examines the historical development of anti-discrimination policy in four jurisdictions, with an emphasis on persons with disabilities. It details the development of disability discrimination legislation in the US and Australia, and of equality legislation in the UK and Canada. It is argued that more equitable policies have co-evolved with historical changes in the social construction of marginalised individuals. More specifically, the study employs an historical institutionalist framework to investigate the array of factors driving the evolution of the human rights institutions in each country. The case studies throw up a wealth of factors, but two major factors stand out, one structural, the other agential. The major structural factor is federalism. In the three federal nation-states the national jurisdiction shares power and competencies with subnational jurisdictions, with implications for human rights legislation at the federal level. This contrasts with the UK, a unitary state, but with its sovereignty now constrained by the European Union. The major agential factor is the nature, institutional location and timing of activism promoting human rights. The study highlights several prominent political and academic actors, who initiate new policy proposals in response to (and utilising) critical junctures in the history of human rights institutions in each country. The thesis concludes by indicating that a fertile area of future research lies in the exploration of the lineage, transmission and development of the ideas centred on human rights and justice argued by such entrepreneurs.

History

Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. The United States -- 3. Australia -- 4. The United Kingdom -- 5. Canada -- 6. Summation and analysis.

Notes

Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 117-136

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes

Degree

MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Modern History, Politics and International Relations

Department, Centre or School

Department of Modern History, Politics and International Relations

Year of Award

2014

Principal Supervisor

Geoffrey Hawker

Rights

Copyright James Justice Bond 2014. Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright

Language

English

Jurisdiction

Australia United States Canada Great Britain

Extent

1 online resource (136 pages)

Former Identifiers

mq:53517 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1135577