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Discovering new mechanisms of abiotic stress tolerance in endemic Australian Nicotiana species

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thesis
posted on 28.03.2022, 16:37 by Richard A. O'Brien
Global climate change is predicted to cause more frequent extreme weather events over the next century. These events will exacerbate various abiotic stresses, including drought and high temperatures, each of which can inhibit growth and threaten survival of natural and managed plant systems. This study postulates that wild Australian relatives of Nicotiana from very arid sites might reveal unique characteristics that confer tolerance of hot environments. This may serve high implications in managing agricultural systems and understanding plant species that are sensitive to increased heat. A multi-disciplinary approach investigated heat tolerance at plant, leaf, cell and gene levels. Physiological analysis including growth analysis and gas exchange, suggested that N. megalosiphon and N. tabacum L. tolerated heat stress best among the five species tested. However, solute leakage from leaves of N. megalosiphon did not reveal superior cell membrane integrity under heat stress. A preliminary molecular analysis of a gene known to be vulnerable to heat-stress, Rubisco activase (RCA), revealed some putative amino acid changes between N. tabacum L. and N. benthamiana. This could imply divergent evolution between these two species, particularly in N. tabacum L. which has been highly selected for hot environments under cultivation.

History

Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Materials and methods -- 3. Results.

Notes

Bibliography: pages 46-52 Thesis by publication.

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes

Degree

MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Biological Sciences

Department, Centre or School

Department of Biological Sciences

Year of Award

2016

Principal Supervisor

Brian Atwell

Additional Supervisor 1

Andrew P. Scafaro

Rights

Copyright Richard A. O'Brien 2016. Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright

Language

English

Jurisdiction

Australia

Extent

1 online resource (68 pages) colour illustrations, colour maps

Former Identifiers

mq:56927 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1160212