Exploring the impact of the introduction of new EFL textbooks on teachers' practices and attitudes at a technical college in Japan
thesisposted on 2022-03-29, 00:28 authored by Simon Christopher Humphries
Although the Japanese government has introduced policies to try to encourage communicative learning in Japanese schools (MEXT, 2002, 2003), studies have shown that English teachers have tended to continue the traditional yakudoku (grammar-translation) style of education (Kikuchi & Browne, 2009; O'Donnell, 2005; Sato, 2002; Wada, 2002). The pressure to prepare students for the grammatically oriented university entrance tests has often been cited as the cause for this phenomenon (Gorsuch, 2001; Sakui, 2004; Watanabe, 2004). The influence of the government-authorised textbooks seems to have been under-researched. Therefore, this study explores the effects of ELT textbooks on teaching attitudes and practices in a Japanese Kosen (engineering college). -- After studying the equivalent of three high school and two tertiary-level years at a Kosen, the students can transfer into the third year of a university course without taking an English test. This situation creates the opportunity to implement learner-centred communicative approaches. To maximise this opportunity, the author's college replaced some of the traditional textbooks with learner-centred conversation course books. However, well-meaning policy change does not automatically equal shared ownership and adoption by practitioners (Fullan, 2007). -- The author analysed the textbooks using an approach described by Littlejohn (1998). Subsequently, he observed and interviewed four teachers, who used both the traditional transmission-style and new learner-centred conversation textbooks, to analyse the degrees of implementation and acceptance. -- The researcher analysed the observation and interview data using constant comparison (Corbin & Strauss, 2008). Two main areas of interest arose from the data: (1) the teachers' control of the activities; and (2) the students' low levels of participation. -- This study indicated that teacher and student freedom led to a culture of uncertainty in the Kosen that the researcher termed the driftwood effect. A culture of collaborative professional development ought to be developed to facilitate the capacity for change.
Table of ContentsIntroduction -- Literature review -- Research methodology -- Textbook analysis -- Teachers' perspective -- Classroom observations: Akira -- Classroom observations: Chikara -- Discussion.
NotesSome figures have been suppressed from the electronic version of this thesis for copyright reasons. Bibliography: p. 390-405
Awarding InstitutionMacquarie University
Degree TypeThesis PhD
DegreeThesis (PhD), Macquarie University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Dept. of Linguistics
Department, Centre or SchoolDepartment of Linguistics
Year of Award2011
Principal SupervisorAnne Burns
RightsCopyright disclaimer: http://www.copyright.mq.edu.au Copyright Simon Christopher Humphries 2011.
Extentxviii, 405 p. col. ill
Former Identifiersmq:18193 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/160891 1602582
English teachersTeacher-student relationships -- JapanConfucianism and education -- JapanEducational change -- JapanEnglish teachers -- Japan -- AttitudesTeacher-student relationshipsEducationJapan -- Japanese teachers of English -- JTE -- communicative language teaching -- CLT -- textbook analysis -- Littlejohn -- yakudoku -- policy change -- educational change -- classroom abservation -- semi structured interview -- qualitative research -- constant comparison -- Corbin -- Strauss -- constructivist paradigm -- case study -- washback effect -- driftwood effect -- kosen -- collaborative professional development -- student participation -- student resistance -- student problems -- passive students -- constraints -- theoretical model -- MEXT -- video camera -- voice recorder -- memo -- research diary -- Trojan HorseEducation -- Japan -- PhilosophyEnglish languageEnglish language -- Study and teaching -- Japan -- Case studiesEnglish language -- Study and teaching -- Japanese speakers -- Case studiesConfucianism and educationEnglish language -- Textbooks for foreign speakers -- JapaneseEducational change