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Globalisation and convergence of accounting: a contextual analysis of issues, attitudes and their implications in the German context

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thesis
posted on 29.03.2022, 03:29 by Eva Heidhues
This thesis provides a holistic examination of convergence with the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Germany by taking into account the influence of political, legal, economic, social, cultural and historical factors on accounting principles and practices. Specifically, this study examines issues in the convergence process that may create constraints in achieving global comparability and importantly may challenge the International Accounting Standards Board’s (IASB) main objective, namely, ‘to develop, in the public interest, a single set of high quality, understandable, enforceable and globally accepted financial reporting standards based on clearly articulated principles’ (IFRS Foundation 2011a, Preface to IFRS). In contrast to a significant number of prior research that has largely focused on quantifiable and narrowly focused theoretical approaches, this thesis provides a holistic examination with an emphasis on multi-disciplinary perspectives. The contextual analysis contributes to international accounting research by providing deeper and sharper insights into the convergence process as well as potential challenges and constraints to future development of IFRS and the IASB. Specifically, the findings show that international politics and power structures have an increasing influence on Germany’s national accounting developments often without adequate consideration of normative evaluations by German stakeholders, which may result in challenges to future development and acceptance of IFRS in Germany. Moreover, the findings provide evidence of specific concerns regarding the political nature of the IASB, the technical superiority of IFRS and the extensive use of professional judgements in IFRS. These concerns are further substantiated by evidence that professional accountants from Germany and Italy show systematic differences in their exercise of professional judgment, which raises concerns about the potential to achieve the IASB’s main objective of international comparability of financial reporting. Accounting researchers, practitioners, educators and accounting standard setters are likely benefit from these insights that show the importance of contextual factors in the convergence process. Indeed, the findings contribute to international accounting research and practice by emphasising that convergence is a complex social and political process that requires researchers to critically examine contextual environments of countries rather than simply focus on measurement, quantification, simplification and categorisation.

History

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. A critique of Gray's framework on accounting values using Germany as a case study -- Chapter 3. Adoption of IFRS in Germany : a neo-institutional analysis -- Chapter 4. The influence of power and legitimacy on German attitudes towards the IASB and the promotion of professional judgements -- Chapter 5. The influence of uncertainty avoidance on accountants' materiality judgements : a cross-cultural study of German and Italian accountants -- Chapter 6. Conclusions.

Notes

Theoretical thesis. Includes bibliographical references

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis PhD

Degree

PhD, Macquarie University, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance

Department, Centre or School

Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance

Year of Award

2012

Principal Supervisor

Chris Patel

Rights

Copyright Eva Heidhues 2011. Copyright disclaimer: http://www.copyright.mq.edu.au

Language

English

Jurisdiction

Germany

Extent

1 online resource (xiii, 433 pages)

Former Identifiers

mq:44357 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1068580