Investigation of spontaneous combustion phenomenology of bagasse and calcium hypochlorite
thesisposted on 28.03.2022, 14:55 authored by Brendan William Halliburton
The hazard of spontaneous combustion is a problem that confronts any industry that transports or stores a reactive material. Bagasse is a reactive material that presents an expensive spontaneous combustion hazard for the sugar industry since this material is the principal fuel used at sugar mills. Calcium Hypochlorite is another such material presenting a significant industrial spontaneous combustion hazard for the transport and insurance industry as it has been linked to a number of expensive maritime conflagrations. The investigation of fundamental self-heating phenomenon is critical for the understanding, control and prevention of spontaneous ignition with these materials. -- By way of isothermal calorimetry techniques and fundamental thermal ignition measurements, this study has provided improved understanding into the oxidative self-heating phenomenology of bagasse and thermal ignition phenomenology of calcium hypochlorite. Both substances have been shown to possess unusual and previously unknown self-heating behaviour at temperatures below 100°C, with water being a principal component of each mechanism. -- The outcomes of this study have provided a platform which has enabled current mathematical models to predict large scale self-heating phenomena for industrially stored quantities of these materials.