Macquarie University
01whole.pdf (9.92 MB)

Long wavelength extension of diamond Raman lasers

Download (9.92 MB)
posted on 2022-03-28, 23:49 authored by Alexander Sabella
Ideal wavelengths for laser applications often do not align with commonly available laser sources, particularly in the mid-infrared, where there are reduced laser options. Raman lasers are a means of simultaneously extending the spectral coverage and enhancing the brightness of existing laser technology. Historically, average powers in crystalline Raman lasers have been restricted by poor thermal handling of the deposited heat,which is intrinsic to the frequency shifting process. In addition, solid-state Raman lasers traditionally are only reported in the visible and near-infrared, with operation atlonger wavelengths limited by material absorption and reduced Raman gain coefficients.Synthetic diamond is a nonlinear frequency conversion material that has the potential to challenge these limitations, with a high Raman gain coefficient, excellent thermal properties and broad transmission. This thesis investigates the performance of pulsed diamond Raman lasers across the near and mid-infrared regions.Conversion of a 1.064 m Nd:YAG laser to first (1.240 m) and second (1.485 m)Stokes wavelengths was studied, with the quantum conversion efficiencies achieved equivalent to, or exceeding, other Raman or optical-parametric-oscillator materials.Mueller matrix modelling was used to determine the optimal crystal orientation and pump polarisation. In particular, aligning the pump polarisation with a h111i crystal axis produced a 33% enhancement in the Raman gain coefficient, compared topreviously utilised crystal orientations.Knowledge of the Raman gain coefficient of diamond in the mid-infrared is vitalfor designing long wavelength Raman lasers, due to the reduced gap between laser and damage thresholds. Detailed investigations consider two measurement methods. Thefirst is a refinement of the pump-probe technique that examines the effect of correlating intensity structure and laser line width. The second is a novel approach based on fourwave-mixing, which removes the need to accurately characterise the spatial, temporal and spectral properties of the lasers involved.Extending the wavelength of diamond Raman lasers to the mid-infrared necessitates overcoming the challenges of a diminished Raman gain coefficient, increased crystal absorption and weaker optical coatings. Demonstrations of tuneable first Stokes outputfrom 3.4-3.8 m and second Stokes output at 7.3 m represent the longest wavelengths reported from a solid state Raman laser. Cavity losses restrict the obtainable conversion efficiencies, and several methods, including four-wave-mixing and microstructured facets, are considered as means to improve performance.


Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Properties of CVD grown diamond -- 3. Polarisation properties of diamond Raman lasers -- 4. Near-IR diamond Raman lasers -- 5. Mid-IR Raman gain coefficient of diamond -- 6. Mid-IR diamond Raman laser -- 7. Strategies for improving mid-IR performance -- 8. Conclusion -- Appendices.


Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 195-222

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis PhD


PhD, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Department, Centre or School

Department of Physics and Astronomy

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Jim Piper

Additional Supervisor 1

Rich Mildren


Copyright Alexander Sabella 2018. Copyright disclaimer:




1 online resource (xxii, 222 pages : illustrations)

Former Identifiers


Usage metrics

    Macquarie University Theses


    Ref. manager