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Methoprene and dietary yeast as pre-release supplements for Queensland fruit fly SIT: a thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Research October 2015

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posted on 29.03.2022, 02:55 by Saleh Mohammad Adnan
Sterile insect technique (SIT) is an environmentally benign pest management technique that relies on released sterile males mating with, and curtailing reproduction of, wild females. Juvenile hormone analogue methoprene (M+) incorporated into pre-release diet (Y+ sucrose plus yeast, Y- sucrose only) was studied as a potential enhancer of reproductive organ development, sexual maturation, and longevity of Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni (Froggart), or 'Q-fly' used for SIT. Incorporatoration of methoprene into diets that also contain yeast was found to strongly accelerate reproductive organ development (testes and apodeme) in males, but had much weaker effects on females (ovaries). Age, detary yeast and methoprene application all increased male mating success at early ages. Yeast and methoprene had synergistic effects on sexual maturation, since M+Y+ treated males exhibited increased mating propensity at younger ages than either M+Y- or M-Y+ flies. Flies provided yeast had increased mating success in comparison to yeast-deprived flies. In the absence of yeast, methoprene (M+Y-) treatment had only a modest effect on sexual maturation. In contrast to males, female Q-flies exhibited little response to methoprene treatment. Both when held individually in small cages and in groups in larger cages, yeast supplementation resulted in longer life spans for both males and females with and without methoprene, but methoprene did not significantly affect longevity. Longevity was higher when the flies were in larger group cages rather than in individual cages. Overall, these results show great promise and encourage direct incorporation of methoprene into yeast diet as a pre-release treatment for Q-fly SIT.

History

Alternative Title

Methoprene & yeast as pre-release supplements for Q-fly SIT.

Notes

Spine title: Methoprene & yeast as pre-release supplements for Q-fly SIT. Bibliography:pages 27-30 Thesis by publication.

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes

Degree

MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Biological Sciences

Department, Centre or School

Department of Biological Sciences

Year of Award

2015

Principal Supervisor

Phil Taylor

Additional Supervisor 1

Vivian Mendez

Rights

Copyright Saleh Mohammad Adnan 2015. Copyright disclaimer: http://www.copyright.mq.edu.au

Language

English

Extent

1 online resource (36 pages) colour illustrations

Former Identifiers

mq:44536 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1070105