Macquarie University
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Mississippi and Teche Creole: a demographic and linguistic case for separate genesis in Louisiana

posted on 2022-03-28, 23:11 authored by Karin Elizabeth Speedy
This study presents a detailed examination of the early socio-demographic history of Louisiana with particular focus on European and slave settlement in the French and Spanish periods. On the basis of these demographics as well as some textual evidence it is argued that despite theoretical predictions to the contrary, a Creole language did emerge and 'jell' in situ in the period 1719-1770. Instrumental in the creation of this language, which was spoken in settlements along the Mississippi River, were those African slaves who had arrived 1719-1731. Demographics also sugges that the Creole spoken to the west of the Atchafalaya River, unsettled until the 1760s, was the product of a semi-separate genesis. An examination of the relativization strategies of modern representatives of the two Creoles (PC and BB) in addition to the number of differences noted by Klingler (1992) suggest that this was indeed the case.


Alternative Title

Demographic and linguistic case for separate genesis in Louisiana

Table of Contents

The first explorations -- European settlement -- Linguistic implications of the European settlement of Louisiana -- The slave trade to Louisiana -- Mississippi and Tèche Creole - two separate starting points for Creole in Louisiana? -- A comparison of relative clauses in Pointe Coupée (Mississippi) and Breaux Bridge (Tèche) Creoles -- Relative clauses in nineteenth century Louisiana Creole -- Conclusion.


Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in French, University of Auckland, 1994. Bibliography: p. 173-183

Awarding Institution

The University of Auckland

Degree Type

Thesis non-Macquarie


Thesis (MA, French), University of Auckland

Year of Award



Copyright Karin Elizabeth Speedy 1994.






xi, 183 p. map

Former Identifiers

mq:15989 1556814