Macquarie University
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Naming and visualising people in the discourses of disability

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posted on 2022-03-29, 01:50 authored by Pei Soo Ang
Disability is a multi-faceted discursive construct shaped by diverse motivations and perspectives. To understand this complex construct, this thesis examines the aspects of naming and visualising people in a Malaysian newspaper. Although the focus is on disabled persons, the non-disabled are also examined as they co-construct the discourses. This study draws on Fairclough’s (2010) dialectical-relational critical discourse framework and Candlin and Crichton's (2011) multi-perspectival methodology. The data sets comprised 863 news texts on disability issues and 1002 photographs accompanying these texts. They were sourced from The Star, a mainstream Malaysian English newspaper (July 2008 - June 2011). Corroborative perspectives from 46 interviews with various stakeholders were also used to provide insights into social institutional practices. On naming practices, the nominal group structure and lexical choice in name phrases, as well as the voices that employed these phrases were analysed. Findings show the multiplicity of voices have different motivations for their choices of names. On visual representations, van Leeuwen’s (2008) visual actor analytical framework was utilised, aided by Garland-Thomson’s (2006) taxonomy of visual rhetoric of disability as well as the analysis of affect from Appraisal Theory (Martin and White, 2005). Findings suggest symbolic exclusion of disabled actors. Extending from these, this thesis also proposes the perspectivisation of disability. It describes the visual framing of disability on a cline of perspectivising/personising images and the emotive dimension on the enabling/disabling cline. Subsequently, the Visual Discourse of Disability Analytical Framework (VDDAF) is developed as a tool for analysing and understanding the effects of this perspectivisation. By analysing the practices of naming and visualising disabled persons in news discourse, this study reveals discriminatory practices affecting the social standing of disabled persons. To be inclusive, the discourses should reflect dignified representations of the persons as members of society, and disability as part of human diversity.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Disability from social and institutional perspectives -- Chapter 3. Discourse analysis, discourse and disability -- Chapter 4. Research design -- Chapter 5. Naming people with references to disability in news texts -- Chapter 6. Representations of disability in news photographs -- Chapter 7. Conclusion.


Bibliography: pages 353-386 Theoretical thesis.

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis PhD


PhD, Macquarie University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Linguistics

Department, Centre or School

Department of Linguistics

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

John S. Knox

Additional Supervisor 1

Christopher N. Candlin


Copyright Pei Soo Ang 2015. Copyright disclaimer:






1 online resource (xvi, 454 pages) colour illustrations, colour portraits

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