Macquarie University
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Nandi/Kupunn/Broadwater: the background, establishment, rise and decline of one rural community within the Darling Downs area of Queensland

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posted on 2022-03-28, 14:27 authored by Dale Lehner
Whilst the fortunes of wealthy squatters and politicians have been traced in detail through official sources, the fate of ‘ordinary’ settlers on the Darling Downs has been somewhat overlooked. The concerns of one small community are addressed here, mainly through the ‘unofficial’ sources of knowledge that were identified by the British historian, Raphael Samuel. These include oral accounts and written memoirs from former residents, placename origins and family and community histories. An analysis of the placenames given by explorers, squatters, surveyors and ordinary settlers during the 19th century sheds new light on the concerns of the first Europeans on the Darling Downs, and provides a background to the study of the Nandi/Kupunn/Broadwater district and its community. The residents themselves describe life during the early days of the 20th century, on both the dominant freehold estate, Loudoun, and on the small selections nearby. Struggles with the environment, and the hardships of two World Wars and the Great Depression are recounted from the viewpoint of the ordinary resident in a close-knit and interdependent farming community. The effects of the post World War II era, which saw extensive land clearing, the fragmentation of the community and the intrusion of agribusiness interests, are also outlined. The personal accounts are enhanced by a collection of photographs from the 1870s through to the present day, and a selection of maps. The memoirs of ordinary people are underpinned by official records and newspaper accounts, and can be set in the established historical framework. The personal experiences of settlers in that one small community help to facilitate a deeper understanding of rural Australia, as it is today, and its development through many generations.


Table of Contents

Introduction -- Toponomy in Queensland and on the Darling Downs -- An analysis of Darling Downs placenames 1827-1859 -- Conclusions from the investigation into placename choices in the Darling Downs Region -- Photographs -- The Nandi/Kupunn/Broadwater District : an outline -- The Aborigines and early European settlement -- The squatters -- Loudoun station -- The selectors -- Overview of life in the district 1900-1939 -- Wartime and afterwards -- Comparisons with other districts on the Darling Downs -- Conclusion.


"November 2003" Bibliography: pages 498-505 'A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Modem History, Macquarie University"

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis PhD


PhD, Macquarie University, Division of Humanities, Department of Modern History

Department, Centre or School

Department of Modern History

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Duncan Waterson

Additional Supervisor 1

Davidson Blair


Copyright disclaimer: Copyright Dale Lehner 2003.






1 online resources (x, 505 pages) illustraions, maps

Former Identifiers

mq:33218 2200771