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Politics and policy: an analysis of the policy environment and motivating factors behind the English language policy in Rwanda

thesis
posted on 28.03.2022, 15:58 by Claire Nogic
This thesis aims to examine the motivating factors behind the English Language Policy in Rwanda. This policy was implemented in late 2008 and represents a shift in the linguistic landscape of Rwanda from an era of trilingualism to bilingualism. Subsequently, French is no longer the medium of instruction in education or the language of choice in business and government. This policy reflects the various policy networks and elite in Rwanda and is anchored in the policy environment of the state. -- Chapter 1 provides some initial insights into the background of Rwanda's history and the English Language Policy. It presents a conceptual framework for this research by examining three theories, namely Elite Theory, Policy Networks and the policy environment which are highly applicable to the Rwandan context. -- Chapter 2 examines the history of Rwanda from pre-colonial times to present day. This confers an understanding of the policy environment and particularly the changing elite, ideologies and policies of the state. -- Chapter 3 explores public policy with an emphasis on the public motivations behind the English Language Policy in Rwanda. It analyses the motivations of globalisation and geostrategic pragmatism, the reasons given by policy-makers for the design of this policy. -- Chapter 4 addresses the hidden motivations behind this policy, namely the anti-French sentiment in the Rwandan state due to the explicit involvement of French actors in the years leading up to and during the genocide of 1994. -- Chapter 5 asserts that the English Language Policy was written as a result of both the public and hidden motivations of elites in positions of power in Rwanda. Furthermore, it formulates recommendations for further research.

History

Table of Contents

Introduction -- The political origins of ethnic identity in Rwanda -- The English language policy in Rwanda and the policy environment -- The underlying factors behind the English language policy -- Conclusion.

Notes

Bibliography: p. 47-55 This thesis presented as a partial fulfilment to the requirements for the Postgraduate Certificate in Research Preparation (Humanities).

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis graduate certificate

Degree

Thesis (Postgraduate Certificate in Research Preparation (Humanities), Macquarie University, Dept. of Modern History, Politics and International Relations

Department, Centre or School

Dept. of Modern History, Politics and International Relations

Year of Award

2009

Principal Supervisor

Pieter Fourie

Rights

Copyright disclaimer: http://www.copyright.mq.edu.au Copyright Claire Nogic 2009.

Language

English

Jurisdiction

Rwanda

Extent

56 p. col. map

Former Identifiers

mq:8893 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/85845 1390123