Prediction of return to productivity three months following hospitalisation for trauma
thesisposted on 2022-03-28, 15:38 authored by Samantha Meeth
Objective: The aim of the current study was to identify variables that could accurately predict return to full productivity three months post mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Return to productivity was defined as a full return to pre-injury employment, home duties and/or study. -- Participants and Methods: Participants comprised 56 mTBI patients and 57 trauma controls (TC). Assessments were conducted at a mean of 5 days (SD 2.8) and again at 102 days (SD 14.2) post-injury. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether pre-injury, injuryrelated, post-injury and neuropsychological variables (including verbal learning, attention and information processing) were predictive of return to productivity. -- Results: At three months post-injury, both groups reported a significant reduction in paid employment hours relative to pre-injury, with the TC group reducing their hours significantly more than the mTBI group (p = .026). Hours spent performing home duties were significantly reduced for both groups, with the TC group again reducing their hours significantly more than the mTBI group (p = .011). Neither group reported a significant reduction in the number of hours devoted to study post-injury. Multivariable analysis revealed that participants who reported higher levels of subjective pain were less likely to have returned to their pre-injury productivity by three months post-injury (OR: .75, 95% CI: .58-.98, p = .034). MTBI patients with a shorter length of hospital stay were more likely to report full productivity (OR: .57, 95% CI: .58-.98, p = .012), whereas for TC there was no significant relationship between length of hospital stay and productivity (OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.07-2.68, p = .607). With each unit increase in verbal learning, individuals with mTBI were 1.10 times more likely to report full productivity (95% CI: 1.02-1.19) whereas for TC there was no significant relationship between verbal learning and return to productivity (OR: 1.01, 95% CI: .98-1.04). Participants involved in litigation or who were seeking compensation were significantly less likely to have returned to their pre-injury productivity levels by three months post-injury (OR: .14, 95% CI: .047-.435, p = .001). -- Conclusion: Post-injury pain may preclude both mTBI and trauma patients from returning to full productivity. Within an mTBI sample length of hospital stay and verbal learning (as measured prior to discharge) may help predict return to early productivity. Involvement in litigation or compensation-seeking has a strong, negative relationship with return to pre-injury productivity level at three months post-injury.
Table of Contents1. Traumatic brain injury and mild traumatic brain injury -- 2. Litigation in TBI and mTBI -- 3. Occupation and mTBI -- 4. Return to work following mild TBI: a systematic review -- 5. Overview, aims and hypotheses of the current study -- 6. Methods -- 7. Results -- 8. Discussion.
NotesBibliography: pages 126-167
Awarding InstitutionMacquarie University
Degree TypeThesis professional doctorate
DegreeThesis (DPsych (Clinical Neuropsychology)), Macquarie University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology
Department, Centre or SchoolDepartment of Psychology
Year of Award2012
Principal SupervisorSusanne Meares
Additional Supervisor 1Jennifer Batchelor
RightsCopyright disclaimer: http://www.copyright.mq.edu.au Copyright Samantha Meeth 2012.
Extent1 online resource (xii, 201 pages) illustrations
Former Identifiersmq:27904 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/265159 1999032
Brain damage -- Patients -- Rehabilitation -- Case studiesBrain damageBrain -- Wounds and injuries -- Patients -- Rehabilitation -- Case studiesClinical neuropsychology -- Case studiesBrainBrain damage -- Patients -- Employment -- Case studiesmild traumatic brain injuryClinical neuropsychologyemploymentproductivity