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Search patterns of Myrmecia midas on different substrates at twilight and day

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posted on 28.03.2022, 20:38 authored by Mst Jannatul Ferdous
Australian night active bull ants, Myrmecia midas (subfamily: Myrmeciinae) were collected during their foraging trip in the twilight and displaced to a distant unfamiliar gridded (8m/8m) place. Their search paths were recorded under 3 different substrates at twilight and day: 1. on natural substrate (grass mixed with small wooden pieces), 2. on a uniform tarp surface, and 3. on a quasi-fractal substrate of two different substrates. On the natural substrate at twilight the smaller loops of the forager ants made bigger turn angles, smaller segment lengths, and a shorter distance from the start compared with searches by day. On the uniform (tarp) and quasi-fractal surfaces at twilight and day, the absolute turn angles and the average segment lengths did not differ significantly. But the average distances from the start were bigger on the fractal substrate than on the uniform tarp and distances from the start were bigger in day-light than in twilight on natural substrate. The data pattern replicated other data where the ants showed the expanding search pattern of travelling further and further from their starting point in the course of the search in all conditions. The exponential function (for the distribution of lengths of straight segments) best fitted the uniform tarp substrate and the stretched exponential best fitted the quasi-fractal substrate at twilight, while a bi-exponential provided the best fit for the natural substrate at twilight and day, as well as uniform tarp and quasi-fractal substrates by day. The bi-exponential may be common in search patterns of forager ants in unfamiliar natural and artificial environments.

History

Table of Contents

Introduction -- Chapter 1. Setting the scene -- Chapter 2. Spelke's nativist position -- Chapter 3. The language embodied position -- Chapter 4. Enculturation -- Conclusions -- References.

Notes

Bibliography: pages 17-19 Empirical thesis.

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes

Degree

MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Biological Sciences

Department, Centre or School

Department of Biological Sciences

Year of Award

2018

Principal Supervisor

Ken Cheng

Rights

Copyright Mst Jannatul Ferdous 2018. Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright

Language

English

Extent

1 online resource (iii, 19 pages) colour illustrations

Former Identifiers

mq:70602 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1265880