Macquarie University
01whole.pdf (1.25 MB)

The Influence of ethnic identity and construal of self on whistleblowing judgments in a multi-ethnic country: the case of Kenya

Download (1.25 MB)
posted on 2022-03-28, 17:47 authored by Jane Nyambura Mbuki
This thesis examines the influence of ethnic identity and construal of self on whistleblowing judgments of auditors in a multi-ethnic country, Kenya, in which strong loyalties within ethnic groups exist. In order to assess Kenyan auditors‘ whistleblowing judgments, this thesis used both single-item questions and the Multidimensional Ethics Measure developed by Reidenbach and Robin (1988, 1990). The influences of ethnic identity and construal of self were determined utilising the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure developed by Phinney (1992) and Roberts et al. (1999) and the Self-Construal Questionnaire developed by Singelis (1994). The findings suggest that one‘s sense of self as a member of an ethnic group cannot be ignored in an auditing context. Specifically, Multivariate Analysis of Variance results indicate that ethnic identity is significantly related to auditors‘ whistleblowing judgments; however, construal of self only has a partial influence. This has implications for the composition of audit teams. The results suggest that the influence of ethnic identity on whistleblowing in Kenya may be mitigated if audit teams comprise auditors from diverse ethnic backgrounds. This thesis makes a methodological contribution by showing that the constructs of construal of self and ethnic identity provide a more comprehensive understanding on how ethnicity influences whistleblowing judgments compared to treating ethnicity as a simple categorical variable.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Literature review -- Chapter 3. Theory development -- Chapter 4. Hypothesis development -- Chapter 5. Research methodology -- Chapter 6. Results -- Chapter 7. Conclusions, contributions, limitations and future research.


Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 122-146

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MPhil


MPhil, Macquarie University, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance

Department, Centre or School

Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Andreas Hellmann

Additional Supervisor 1

Medhat Endrawes


Copyright Jane Nyambura Mbuki 2015. Copyright disclaimer:






1 online resource (ix, 155 pages)

Former Identifiers