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The Use of AI in Auditing Practice: A Study of the Adoption at the Firm Level

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posted on 2022-11-01, 21:21 authored by Jiaqi Yang

This thesis explores and explains key factors influencing the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) by auditing firms through the lens of the Technology-Organisation-Environment (TOE) framework. Using the multiple-case study method, primary data was collected through semi-structured interviews with decision-makers at auditing firms; this was complemented by secondary data, such as firms’ transparency reports and media news. The data analysis identified anomalies that did not align with previous studies, revealing the specificity of the AI adoption compared to that of other forms of technology. The findings show that firms’ adoption is influenced by the affordance of AI, technological barriers to adoption, formal linkage, linking agents, firm resources and readiness, firm size and scope, the regulatory environment, industrial competition, and the client’s level of acceptance. This study contributes to the literature by providing a better understanding of AI adoption at the firm level, thus filling the gaps in the extant research, which lacks a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of auditing firms’ AI adoption. The findings refine and strengthen the TOE framework to explain how an emerging technology, AI, is adopted in auditing firms.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Literature Review -- Chapter 3. Research Methodology -- Chapter 4. Case Data Analysis -- Chapter 5. Cross-Case Analysis and Discussion -- Chapter 6. Conclusion -- References -- Appendix 1. Ethical Approval -- Appendix 2. Participant Information and Consent Form -- Appendix 3. Interviewee Information -- Appendix 4. Interview Guide -- Appendix 5. Submission and Feedback

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes


Thesis (MRes), Macquarie University, Macquarie Business School, Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance, 2021

Department, Centre or School

Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Yvette Blount

Additional Supervisor 1

Alireza Amrollahi


Copyright: The Author Copyright disclaimer:




90 pages

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