Macquarie University
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The application of 3D printing in anatomy education

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posted on 2022-03-28, 10:23 authored by Yousef Abou Hashem
This thesis investigated the application of 3D printing in anatomy education and assessed attitudes of students towards 3D printing. The aims were accomplished in 3 stages. Namely assessing the accuracy and usefulness of 3D printed models, and assessment of student attitudes towards 3D image donation. The project focussed on 3D printing of human vertebrae. A mixed method approach was utilised, combining concepts and methods from biological anthropometry, medical education and engineering. Accuracy analysis showed minimal differences in the dimensional measurements between 3D printed and dry vertebrae. Formative assessment results also showed minimal differences in the students’ performance on 3D printed vertebrae compared to performance on high-quality plastic and dry vertebrae. Results of the survey of students’ attitudes toward 3D medical images donation and whole body donation suggest that the majority are more willing to allow capturing of 3Dimages of their body for 3D printing in anatomy education compared to whole body donation. This study strongly suggests that 3D printed bones, at the current level of technological development, could be applied effectively in anatomy education, as they seem to be very similar to the real bones in their appearance and anatomical detail. In addition, there is a positive attitude of tertiary level students towards the donation of body images for 3D printing in anatomy education.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Literature review -- Chapter 3. Methodology-- Chapter 4. Results -- Chapter 5. Discussion -- Chapter 6. Conclusion.


Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 53-58

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes


MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Chiropractic

Department, Centre or School

Department of Chiropractic

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Goran Štrkalj

Additional Supervisor 1

Manisha Dayal


Copyright Yousef Abou Hashem 2015. Copyright disclaimer:




1 online resource (v, 62 pages) illustrations (some colour)

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