The development and maintenance of adolescent depression
thesisposted on 2022-03-28, 02:06 authored by Amy Jane Kercher
This research examined the longitudinal development of depressive symptoms among young adolescents (mean age 12 years). The first model examined depressive symptoms across 6 months in 315 young adolescents and their mothers, considering the mediation of perceived parenting and its influence on adolescent self-worth. Although parent-reported parental depression was not linked with child-reported perceived parenting, the child's perception of his or her mother as rejecting or less caring was associated with a lower sense of self-worth, which in turn predicted depressive symptoms 6 months later, controlling for initial depression. In the second model, tested across 12 months with 896 young adolescent girls, neuroticism served as a distal vulnerability for depression, conferring a risk of experiencing dependent stressors and negative automatic thoughts which fully mediated the effect of neuroticism on later depression. Initial depressive symptoms also followed this meditational pathway, in a possible maintenance and risk pathway for adolescent depression. Unexpectedly, independent stressors were also predicted by initial depressive symptoms, suggesting possible shared method or genuine environmental factors. Finally, it was proposed that young adolescents at risk of depression will not only display cognitive vulnerabilities contributing to increased depressive symptoms following stressors (cognitive diathesis-stress theory), but also be more likely to experience stressors at least partly dependent on their own behaviour (stress-generation theory). This model was supported with a large (N=756) sample of young adolescents across 6 months, controlling for initial depression. Taken together, this thesis extends previous theories about the aetiology of depression, providing evidence from family, personality and cognitive risk factors to better explain the development of depressive symptoms in early adolescence, with significant implications for intervention and treatment.
Table of ContentsIntroduction -- Parenting in adolescent depression: the mediating role of self-worth in a prospective test -- Neuroticism, life events and negative thoughts in the development of depression in adolescent girls -- A cognitive diathesis-stress generation model of early adolescent depression -- General discussion.
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Awarding InstitutionMacquarie University
Degree TypeThesis PhD
DegreeThesis (PhD), Macquarie University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology, Centre for Emotional Health
Department, Centre or SchoolDepartment of Psychology
Year of Award2009
Principal SupervisorRon Rapee
RightsCopyright disclaimer: http://www.copyright.mq.edu.au Copyright Amy Jane Kercher 2009.
Extentviii, 140 leaves ill
Former Identifiersmq:5812 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/41417 1337590
developmentEmotions and cognitionParentsTeenagers -- Mental health -- Case studiesParents -- PsychologyTeenagersDepression, Mental -- Risk factorsdepressionParent and childDepression in adolescence -- Case studiesParent and child -- Psychological aspectsDepression in adolescenceDepression, MentalParenting -- Psychological aspectsParentingadolescenceParental influences