The politics of the new welfare state: social tax expenditures and the second tier of Australian welfare
thesisposted on 2022-03-28, 14:38 authored by Adam Stebbing
"Classifying Australia as a 'targeted' welfare state overlooks the rising significance of social tax expenditures (STEs). As tax provisions that offer selective welfare benefits, STEs are increasingly relevant to Australian welfare because of their large scale, inequity and rapid growth. This thesis incorporates STEs into our understanding of the Australian welfare state by situating them within its institutional framework and explaining their political development. [The thesis explores] the relevance of STEs by analysing two case studies - the tax expenditures for private health insurance and superannuation. Both cases are difficult to understand as 'evidence-based' policies because they are inequitable and expensive... My analysis of the political development of STEs shows how they have emerged as core second-tier institutions through two 'overlapping processes' that coincided with the winding back of the wage-earner model. STEs have grown as both an indirect consequence of developing new wage-earner institutions and a means of meeting new demands for social provision in a policy environment hostile to extending social expenditures." -- abstract.
Table of ContentsIntroduction - A targeted welfare state -- ch. 1 - Fiscal welfare and the welfare state -- ch. 2 - Explaining the emergence of the second tier -- Case study I: The private health insurance tax rebate. ch. 3 - Value for public money? -- ch. 4 - The struggle over health insurance -- Case study II: The superannuation tax concessions. ch. 5 - The devil's in the detail -- ch. 6 - 'From little things big things grow' -- ch. 7 - A response to population ageing? -- Conclusion - The dual welfare state -- References.
NotesBibliography: pages 273-299 Submitted in (partial) fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Macquarie University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Sociology, 2011.
Awarding InstitutionMacquarie University
Degree TypeThesis PhD
DegreePhD, Macquarie University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Sociology
Department, Centre or SchoolDepartment of Sociology
Year of Award2011
Principal SupervisorShaun Wilson
Additional Supervisor 1Michael Fine
Additional Supervisor 2Benjamin Spies-Butcher
RightsCopyright Adam Stebbing 2011. Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright
Extent1 online resource (xi, 299 pages, bound) illustrations
Former Identifiersmq:71666 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1276847
PensionsPensions -- AustraliaPrivate health insuranceFiscal welfareMiddle class welfareAustralia -- Social policyPublic welfareWelfare stateRetirementWelfare state -- AustraliaRetirement -- AustraliaHealth insuranceSuperannuationSocial serviceTax rebatesSocial policyHealth insurance -- Economic aspects -- AustraliaSocial service -- AustraliaTax rebates -- AustraliaPublic welfare -- AustraliaAustralian welfare stateTax expenditures