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The relative importance of school discipline and education investment on competitiveness: the mediating role of educational performance

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posted on 2022-03-28, 13:41 authored by Hana Krskova
The purpose of this study is to combine seemingly unrelated factors to partly explain global competitiveness. The study argues that school discipline and education investment affect competitiveness with the association being mediated by educational performance. Partial Least Square (PLS) modelling is used to analyse the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) data and the World Bank Government Expenditure on Education data to explain World Economic Forum (WEF) data on competitiveness. Five dimensions of school discipline (students listening well, noise levels, teacher waiting time, students working well, class start time) are hypothesised to affect academic performance in reading, math and science, and to ultimately impact competitiveness. Findings confirm the relative importance of school discipline (88%) in comparison to education investment (12%) on educational performance, with both variables also being found to be significantly associated with competitiveness indirectly. This study demonstrates further the time effects of discipline, more specifically that discipline dimensions (students listen well in 2003 and students work well in 2009) are associated with competitiveness in 2012. Implications for school policy and further research are also discussed.


Alternative Title

School discipline, education investment and competitiveness.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Research questions -- 3. Literature review -- 4. Theory development and hypotheses formulation -- 5. Methodology -- 6. Results -- 7. Discussion -- 8. Conclusion.


Theoretical thesis. Bibliography: pages 60-72 Spine title: School discipline, education investment and competitiveness.

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes


MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing and Management

Department, Centre or School

Department of Marketing and Management

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Chris Baumann


Copyright Hana Krskova 2015. Copyright disclaimer: http://www.copyright.mq.edu.au




1 online resource (x, 81 pages)

Former Identifiers

mq:44823 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1072441