The role of oral vocabulary in the development of children’s orthographic representations
thesisposted on 2022-03-29, 03:20 authored by Signy Wegener
When children learn to read, how do they come to be able to recognise whole written words quickly and accurately? Knowledge of letter-to-sound correspondences and the sound structure of language are known to be important early in reading acquisition but other cognitive factors must also contribute to the development of skilled reading. One such factor is oral vocabulary (knowledge of the pronunciation and meaning of words), yet its association with reading acquisition remains poorly understood. This thesis aims to elucidate the nature of the relationship between oral vocabulary and reading, with a particular focus on how they might interact as children acquire representations of new written words. According to the orthographic skeleton hypothesis (Chapter 2), children can draw on their knowledge of phoneme-to-grapheme correspondences to generate expectations of the spellings of known spoken words prior to viewing them in writing for the first time. In a series of training studies, Grade 4 children are taught novel oral vocabulary prior to reading these trained items and matched untrained items in sentence contexts while their eye movements are monitored. In each experiment the orthographic skeleton hypothesis is interrogated with a view to providing an elaborated account of their generation and influence on written word learning. Results shed light on the roles of lexical phonology and semantics within the development of orthographic expectancies (Chapter3); the form of the skeleton (Chapter 4); and the influence of the skeleton on subsequent visual exposures to target words (Chapter 5). Findings are linked back to established theories of reading acquisition, the role of oral vocabulary within this process and the causal mechanisms that support this influence (Chapter 6).