Macquarie University
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What makes a cyber bully/victim?: factors associated with the perpetration of cyberbullying by cybervictims

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posted on 2022-03-28, 13:58 authored by Philippa Johnson
Cybervictimisation is the leading risk factor for cyberbullying. Despite this, little is known about the personal factors that are associated with a cybervictim also being a cyberbully. The present study addresses this gap in the literature by investigating the psychological factors associated with cybervictims perpetrating cyberbullying. Unlike traditional bullying where a power imbalance may make it difficult for a victim to retaliate, cybervictims with a rudimentary level of technological skill can retaliate online, thereby becoming bully/victims (Kowalski, Limber, & Agatston, 2012). Identifying the factors that associate with cybervictims perpetrating cyberbullying (therefore becoming a cyber bully/victim) will inform intervention to help stop the cycle of cyberbullying. A self-report questionnaire was completed by 632 children from grades five, seven and nine. Questions included frequency of cyberbullying and cybervictimisation, victim responses to cybervictimisation, individual moral disengagement, emotional dysregulation, and mindfulness. Two hierarchichal regression analyses were conducted to identify the factors associated with cyberbullying perpetration by victims, versus non-victims. Results revealed that cybervictims with poorly regulated anger, high moral disengagement and low mindfulness were more likely to be bully/victims. Key differences emerged for non-victims, supporting the examination of cyber bully/victims as a distinct group. Implications for cyberbullying intervention and future research directions are outlined.


Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Method -- 3. Results -- 4. Discussion.


Bibliography: leaves 69-80 Empirical thesis.

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes


MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology

Department, Centre or School

Department of Psychology

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Kay Bussey


Copyright Philippa Johnson 2015. Copyright disclaimer:




1 online resource (viii, 102 leaves)

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