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Working age population and regional economic growth in China

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posted on 2022-03-29, 02:38 authored by Ge Xu
This thesis examines the effects of changes in the working-age population on the regional economic growth of China, using provincial-level panel data from 1996 to 2015. The empirical model is based on the Solow’s economic growth model, where the key determinants of economic growth are capital intensity per labour, savings rate, and population growth. The model is estimated using the fixed-effects estimator with Mundlak-device and the Arellano-Bond method to overcome the endogeneity of labour and population. The share of working age population growth and employment growth both have significant and positive effects on the economic growth. The empirical evidence supports the hypothesis that demographic factors are one of the key factors that could explain the differences in regional economic growth.


Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Literature reviews -- 3. The Chinese economy -- 4. Theoretical framework -- 5. Descriptions of data -- 6. Empirical results and discussions -- 7. Concluding remark and limitations -- 8. References -- 9. Appendix.


Empirical thesis. Bibliography: pages 61-62

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis MRes


MRes, Macquarie University, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics

Department, Centre or School

Department of Economics

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Geoffrey H. Kingston

Additional Supervisor 1

Daehoon Nahm


Copyright Ge Xu 2017. Copyright disclaimer: http://mq.edu.au/library/copyright






1 online resource (70 pages) colour maps

Former Identifiers

mq:70663 http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/1266489