Macquarie University
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GaN power switches for X-band RFPA supply modulators

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posted on 2022-03-28, 13:44 authored by Aaron Thomas Pereira
High Power Amplifier is the most critical element within a multifunctional transceiver chip. The need for high linearity and high output power for RF input signals with a high peak-to-peak average power ratio makes the design of high power amplifiers extremely challenging. Drain bias modulation techniques like envelope tracking is used to improve the efficiency of a wideband power amplifier by modulating the drain supply voltage to the envelope of the input RF signal using an envelope amplifier.The critical element within an envelope amplifier is the high frequency switch-mode power converter. The key enabler for delivering high efficiencies at high switching frequencies within an envelope amplifier is the power switch. The low on-resistance and input capacitance of RF GaN HEMT transistors make them ideal candidates as power switches. The integration of power switches within a high power amplifier would allow the minimization of all circuit parasitics, enabling delivery of high voltage and high currents at an extremely high slew rate to the drain of the high power amplifier. This thesis investigates the above mentioned properties and presents the use of commercial foundry GaN HEMTs as power switches for RF power amplifier supply modulators.Pulsed I-V characterisation was undertaken to study the impact of trapping on switch efficiency as well as a transient analysis in a hybrid implementation. MMIC supply modulators fabricated in 0.25 μm GaN process delivering an output power of 40 dBm with measured efficiencies over 80%. A modulator integrated X-Band HPA was designed and fabricated in 0.25 μm GaN process. The calculated PAE for the supply modulated HPA at a drain bias of 20 V was 26.65% with an output power of 35 dBm. This is the first reported supply modulator integrated HPA in a 0.25 μm GaN process, and will enable on chip supply modulation capability for use with efficiency enhancement techniques like ET, to deliver high efficiency, high power and high linearity in HPAs.


Table of Contents

1. Introduction -- 2. Power switch technology -- 3. Power switch characterization -- 4. Power switch trap model -- 5. Hybrid modulator -- 6. Integrated modulator -- 7. Modulator integrated RF -- 8. Conclusions and recommendations -- Appendices.


Includes bibliographical references

Awarding Institution

Macquarie University

Degree Type

Thesis PhD


PhD, Macquarie University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Engineering

Department, Centre or School

Department of Engineering

Year of Award


Principal Supervisor

Anthony Parker


Copyright Aaron Thomas Pereira 2015. Copyright disclaimer:




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